Deaths in Wars and Conflicts in the 20th Century: Cornell University Peace Studies Program, Occasional Paper #29, Centre for International Security Studies at Maryland, School of Public Policy, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, 3rd edition, 2006
Extensively referenced, 86 page paper tallying deaths in war. Estimates that during the twentieth century ‘approximately 231 million people died in wars and conflict and, in very large numbers, “by human decision”‘, that is, not by accident. This figure is exhaustively documented. It covers, of course, huge numbers of civilian as well as military deaths. By contrast, Australian deaths in war (almost entirely military) during this century amount to approximately 102 000 or approximately 0.04 per cent of the total deaths.