Update 23 March 2020: Literature and a Workshop
Update 22 March 2020: Frank Bongiorno in The Conversation on lessons from 1918-19: ‘The Spanish flu probably infected 2 million Australians in a population of about 5 million … [In Australia] Individual states did their own thing as the national agreement fell apart.’
Update 14 March 2020: Paul Daley in Guardian Australia: ‘A nation supposedly forged in the hellfire of war almost crumbled in the face of a virulent threat at home’. About 1918-19. See, for an example of press coverage: The Australasian, 12 April 1919.
No-one alive today remembers the Spanish Flu pandemic of 1918-19, which was a much bigger thing than Coronavirus/Covid-19. It is certainly worth us finding out more about what happened a century ago.
Eminent Australian historian, Humphrey McQueen, wrote about the Spanish flu in 1972 and kindly gave Honest History permission to post the material on our site. McQueen argued that the Australian response to the influenza pandemic revealed a lack of national administrative unity (despite the alleged development of a national character during the war) and did not enhance the reputation of the medical profession.
The McQueen post has some links to other material on the pandemic. Meanwhile, down in South Gippsland, blogger (Shire at War), Phil Cashen, researched the impact of the Spanish flu in his part of Victoria. He summed up:
The 1918-1919 Spanish Flu pandemic is estimated to have killed 50+ million worldwide. In Australia, estimates have about 40% of the population affected to some degree by the virus and between 12,000-15,000 deaths.
Brisbane 1919 (National Museum of Australia)
A fairly recent book on the pandemic is Laura Spinney’s Pale Rider: The Spanish Flu of 1918 and How It Changed the World. ‘Set against the devastating backdrop of global contagion’, said the review in Nature, ‘it is individual lives and deaths, discovered in letters, diaries, biographies and memoirs, that epitomize this rich account’. I thought it was good, also.
The National Library’s TROVE resource is indispensable on this subject, as on many others. A search for ‘influenza’ in Australian newspapers over the period 1 October 1918 to 30 September 1919 yields 191 000 entries.
Finally, there was a symposium in Sydney last year on the pandemic. The papers were published by the Royal Australian Historical Society on their Youtube channel. See also the comprehensive resource compiled by Peter Hobbins and RAHS. And there’s this from Michael Bartos in Inside Story on the general history of pandemics. Another book on the 1919 pandemic is John M. Barry, The Great Influenza: The Story of the Deadliest Pandemic in History. ABC Coronacast on lessons from 1918-19.
4 March 2019 updated