A Jauncey victim of war paranoia in Missouri, 1917 (28 April 2014)

The Jauncey pen is taken up posthumously this time by Professor H. Wade Hibbard of the Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Missouri. He wrote the following indignant letter on 21 December 1917. The letter is genuine. It has been transcribed for easier reading from the original (see below) found in a Bureau of Investigation file accessible on a military records site (now behind a pay wall). The Bureau was the predecessor of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).

HibbardProfessor H. Wade Hibbard (source: Missouri Alumni Quarterly, March 1909) courtesy University Archives, University of Missouri)

Background is contained in the Australian Dictionary of Biography entry on GEM (Eric) Jauncey, which notes that Jauncey ‘attempted to return to Australia in 1917 but was refused a passport because of pacifist comments he had made in private letters, which were intercepted by censors’. 

The Hibbard letter gives an idea of the intensity of pro-war or patriotic feeling in the United States, which was replicated among many Australians. Jauncey lost his university position in Missouri essentially because of co-operation between the Australian (Hughes) Government of the day and US authorities.

One can speculate that Eric’s experience may have helped influence the views of his much younger brother, Leslie, the author of The Story of Conscription in Australia (1935), which presented the Hughes Government’s attempts to bring in conscription in a quite unfavourable light. Leslie joined his brother in the US in 1920 while Eric Jauncey was still attempting to obtain passports for his family’s return to Australia. jauncey22

More detailed background to the letter is contained in our biographical data on Eric Jauncey. Research by volunteer researcher, Steve Flora. Honest History presents this material on Eric Jauncey as part of our commitment to original historical research (whenever we can manage it, given the other exigencies of producing this website).

  GEM Jauncey (source: John Jenkin & Helen Burns)  

    __________________________________________________________________

University of Missouri

School of Engineering Department of Mechanical Engineering

                                                                                          Columbia, Mo.   Dec. 21st, 1917.

Department of Justice,

Washington, D. C.

Gentlemen: –

Until a few weeks ago, George Eric MacDonnell Jauncey was an Instructor in Physics in this University. He is an Australian.

About the first of December one of your Agents showed our President A. Ross Hill extracts from a letter which Jauncey wrote to his brother in Australia, who is said to be in confinement there because of his Anti-Ally activities.[1] Jauncey wrote: – “I am preaching the gospel of anti-War, anti-British, anti-Ally, anti-American, for all I am worth. I am having students at home; and in my classes by hints. I may get the sack for being a pro-German, but that is all in the game.”

Upon the facts being brought to Jauncey’s attention, he presented his resignation. This was accepted by President Hill, and Jauncey is no longer officially connected with the University.

Jauncey is still among us, however, to spread his traitorous propaganda. He is still a member of our “Faculty Union”, a social club of faculty men, which permits any former member of the faculty to retain membership while he resides in Columbia, unless he has been discharged from the University. Jauncey has a number of friends in the Faculty Union, who greet him cordially and invite him to share in our social activities. These men have all heard Jauncey’s letter read. To me, the presence of this traitor is intolerable, his freedom in our student and town circles is intolerable. I have spoken to several members about getting him out of the Union. They are undoubtedly patriotic, but they call him harmless and don’t want to “raise a rumpus” in the Faculty Union. Prof. H. M. Reese, Assoc. Prof. of Physics living in the Faculty Union building, said to me a few days after Jauncey’s “resignation” and in an exceedingly unpleasant manner: – “I don’t like the way you are hounding Mr. Jauncey. You people are not satisfied with having Jauncey lose his job. He is a personal friend of mine.”

It is stated that neighbors heard Jauncey tell his wife not to sign the food-conservation pledge. The wife of Prof. E. J. Durand states that Mrs. Jauncey talked with her in rabidly anti-American fashion. Jauncey states that he is an International Socialist. The students’ Socialist Club holds regular meetings. C. A. Ellwood, Professor of Sociology and intensely patriotic, gave an address to the Socialist Club upon the Russian Bolsheviki, denouncing them. Jauncey was present and immediately addressed the Club, upholding the Bolsheviki in all they had done. This morning I picked up on the magazine table at the Faculty Union the three enclosed copies of The People’s Press, which I have blue pencilled. They were not there yesterday.[2] I do not know whether Jauncey placed them there.

On April 28, 1917, (I think I have the date correct) Jauncey asked for a passport to return to Australia. It’s refusal was due to the Australian Government.

Why is not Jauncey interned? with his wife [3] Or why is he not handed over to the English or Canadian authorities to be dealt with as a traitor? At least, I suppose Canada could now conscript him as a British subject, and place him in the front trenches.

Why is he at large, to continue to incite foolish and especially Socialist students in disloyalty, and to pose as a martyr and weaken the patriotism of his easy-going faculty friends?

Patriotism here should be vigorous, rampant, fierce. That is the way Prof. W. H. Lawrence feels. He tells me he wont come around to the Faculty Union, because he is afraid of what he might say, and he might see Jauncey there. I ask the Department of Justice to help us in this great University community to be fiercely patriotic. We have seen many vigorous patriots in our faculty depart for the National Service. I have tried from April on to get in, but am 54 though in perfect health.

Nearly all our professors are vigorously patriotic, but they hate to “create a scene” in the Jauncey matter. Cannot you eliminate him, with-out involving us? Even I would prefer that to being mixed up in a “rumpus” myself. I hope you can keep my name out of this. I think I have already weakened my influence in the Faculty Union for being rather “rabid”.

I wish you would have a wise Agent call upon Prof. Lawrence and compel him and his wife to tell what is said by their next-door neighbor, Prof. Hermann Almstedt, Chairman of the Dept. of German. Mrs. Lawrence has hinted to my Wife what they have to endure in the way of pro-Germanism from Almstedt.

This Jauncey affair in our own midst forces me to ask why your Department of Justice is so lenient in general with spies and traitors? Why do we not read of their execution? What does a German or pro-German care about the danger of internment? Make every such enemy realize that he continues to pursue his activities at the risk of his life. This is Our Country. My ancestors have been Americans for 283 years. We are AT WAR, or at least I thought we were: yet Jauncey and his thoughtless friends laugh in our faces.

                                                                                                                                                       Respectfully,

                                                                                                                                       [Signed]  H. Wade Hibbard

                                                                                                           Professor of Mechanical Engineering

Addresses of men mentioned: –

George Eric MacDonnell Jauncey, 1511 Windsor St.

H. M. Reese, 800 Missouri Ave., corner of Conley Ave. (Faculty Union Bldg)

C. J. Durand, 1413 Rosemary Lane. Socialist Club, meets in University Y. M. C. A. Building.

C. A. Ellwood, 407 College Ave. F. H. Lawrence, 209 South Garth Ave.

H. Almstedt, 211 South Garth Ave.

Prof. H. Wade Hibbard, preferred address for mail, 1307 Keyser Avenue, Columbia, Boone County, Missouri.

Dec. 22nd.

Since writing the above, I have been informed that a postman, opening Jauncey’s door this week to deliver mail, saw the house full of men. H.W. H.[4]    
 

NOTE:  The Bureau of Investigation’s response to Hibbard’s letter is as follows:

                                                                                          January 15, 1918

Prof. H. Wade Hibbard,

University of Missouri,

Columbia, Missouri.

Dear Sir:

I have to acknowledge with thanks receipt of your Letter of the 21st ultimo, in which you furnish information concerning Prof. Jauncey.

The matter will be referred to the appropriate representative of this office for such action as may be necessary.

                              Yours very truly,

                                                                           Chief

 Hibbard page 1


[1] This was not the case (note by SF).
[2] This sentence in handwriting.
[3] The reference to Jauncey’s wife is inserted in handwriting.
[4] This note in handwriting.
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